Saturday, May 23, 2020

How Do Creationists Explain Dinosaurs and Fossils

One of the most unrewarding things a scientist or science writer can attempt to do is rebut the arguments of creationists and fundamentalists. This is not because its difficult to demolish the creationist point of view, scientifically speaking. Its because meeting anti-evolutionists on their own terms can make it seem, to some readers, as if there are two logical sides to the argument. Even so, the ways in which creationists fit dinosaurs into their Biblical worldview is a worthy topic of discussion. Learn more about some of the main arguments fundamentalists use to support their position, and discover the contrasting scientific view on each point. Dinosaurs Are Thousands, Not Millions, of Years Old The creationist argument: According to the most fundamentalist interpretation, the Book of Genesis posits a world that came into being a little over four thousand years ago. Creationists insist that dinosaurs were created ex nihilo, by God, along with all the other animals. In this view, evolution is just an elaborate story used by scientists to buttress their false claims of an ancient Earth. Some creationists even insist that the fossil evidence for dinosaurs was planted by the Great Deceiver himself, Satan. The scientific rebuttal: On the scientific side, established techniques such as radioactive carbon dating and sedimentary analysis conclusively prove that the fossils of dinosaurs were laid down in geological sediments anywhere from 65 million to 230 million years ago. Astronomers and geologists have also demonstrated beyond any doubt that Earth gradually coalesced from a cloud of debris orbiting the sun about four and a half billion years ago. All the Dinosaurs Could Have Fit on Noahs Ark The creationist argument: According to Biblical fundamentalists, all of the animals that ever existed must have all lived within the past few thousand years. Therefore, all those animals must have been led, two by two, onto Noahs Ark, including full-grown mating pairs of  Brachiosaurus, Pteranodon, and Tyrannosaurus Rex. That must have been one pretty big boat, even if some creationists believe Noah collected baby dinosaurs or their eggs. The scientific rebuttal: Skeptics point out that, by the Bibles own word, Noahs Ark measured only about 450 feet long and 75 feet wide. Even with tiny eggs or hatchlings representing the hundreds of dinosaur genera discovered so far, its clear that Noahs Ark is a myth. This isnt to throw out the baby with the bathwater, however. There may have been a huge, natural flood in the Middle East during Biblical times that inspired the Noah legend. Dinosaurs Were Wiped Out by the Flood The creationist argument: Creationists maintain that any dinosaurs that didnt make it onto Noahs Ark, along with all the other stranded animal species on Earth, were rendered extinct by the Biblical flood. This would mean dinosaurs were not wiped out by the K/T asteroid impact at the end of the Cretaceous period, 65 million years ago. This ties in nicely, if not very logically, with the claims of some fundamentalists that the distribution of dinosaur fossils is related to a specific dinosaurs location at the time of the flood. The scientific rebuttal: In the modern age, a majority of scientists agree that a comet or meteorite impact 65 million years ago, which struck Mexicos Yucatan Peninsula, was the main cause of the dinosaurs demise. The effects of this event were perhaps combined with disease and volcanic activity to cause the extinction. There are clear geological traces at the presumed impact site in Mexico. As for the distribution of dinosaur fossils, the simplest explanation is the most scientific one. Fossils are discovered in geologic sediments that were formed gradually over the course of millions of years, during the time in which the animals lived. Dinosaurs Still Walk Among Us The creationist argument: Many creationists would like scientists to discover a living, breathing dinosaur in some remote corner of, say,  Guatemala. In their opinion, this would invalidate the theory of evolution and instantly align popular opinion with a Bible-centric worldview. It would also cast a cloud of doubt on the reliability and accuracy of the scientific method. The scientific rebuttal: Any reputable scientist would point out that the discovery of a living, breathing Spinosaurus would alter absolutely nothing about evolutionary theory. The theory has always allowed for the long-term survival of isolated populations. One example is the discovery of the Coelacanth, once thought to be long extinct, in the 1930s. Biologists would be thrilled to find a living dinosaur lurking in a rain jungle somewhere. Then, they could analyze the animals DNA and conclusively prove its evolutionary kinship with modern birds. Dinosaurs Are Mentioned in the Bible The creationist argument: Some creationists say that when the word dragon is used in the Old Testament, what it really means is dinosaur. They point out that other texts from various regions of the ancient world also mention these fearsome, scaly creatures. This is used as evidence that dinosaurs arent nearly as old as paleontologists claim, as dinosaurs and humans must have lived at the same time. The scientific rebuttal: The science camp doesnt have much to say about what the author(s) of the Bible meant when they referenced dragons. Thats a question for theologists, not evolutionary biologists. However, the fossil evidence is incontestable that modern humans appeared on the scene tens of millions of years after the dinosaurs lived. And besides, humans have yet to discover any cave paintings of a Stegosaurus! The true relationship between dragons and dinosaurs is deeply rooted in myth.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Plan For Family Structure - 1836 Words

Genogram Kimberly Walker Florida State College at Jacksonville HUS 3022 Professor Webster April 14, 2016 Genogram The blueprint to family structure. Genogram an updated approach of researching conjectural family events. It is also a road map for individuals to connect and note relationship patterns of multiple generations. Moreover, it gives meaning to why family life cycles are disrupted in some area and strong in others. As people study their family circle they gain understanding of how multiple generations are influenced by the core values of family structure. In addition, with more in-depth inquiries, individual could trace how religion, social norms, historical events, rituals, tragedies, and lack of support from†¦show more content†¦Diligence should be placed on the delicate and fragile similarities of physical, social, and psychological disorder or dysfunction throughout segment of each generation. For the most part, health alter how â€Å"human experiences are framed by the interlocking nature of individual trajectories and kinship networks in the context of temporal motion, culture, and social change† (McGoldrick, Preto, Carter, 2016, p. 1). Looking at family structure, early generations raised their children with stay at home mothers, working fathers, and neighbors as extended family. The middle generations have the complexity of expanding their immediate family, managing elderly care, and later down the line supporting their older children and their extended families. The younger generations are consumed with self-insecurity with the need to feel wanted. Although throughout life transitions—boundaries change, family relationship become strained, and roles within family dynamics are constantly being altered and redefined. Family dynamic does not consist of mother, father, and biological child or children. People are no longer calling or identifying their family as biological connection, but individuals they form a connecting bond with that are not genetically connected. In other word, there are major diverse integral role in marriages, immediate and extended families. When viewing the complexity of my family dynamics, I had to consider Bowen’s, Normal Family Development,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Racism a Raisin in the Sun and Family Free Essays

Man Walter Lee Is a desperate man, shackled by poverty and prejudice, and obsessed with a business Idea that he thinks will solve all of his economic and social problems. He thought the novel Is looking for ways to carry his family on and give them every material thing they want. He Is desperate because he sees the other people with economic resources while his family is struggling to move on. We will write a custom essay sample on Racism: a Raisin in the Sun and Family or any similar topic only for you Order Now He is the perfect example of the mid twentieth-century men who believe they are the ones who have o carry their families with the economic resources and struggle to achieve it, that’s why he gets desperate because although he tries he seems he is not getting it. Sometime these men get blind and don’t realized what really they are doing because the will to help their family is too big. Throughout the novel Walter looks for ways to give the family what they want. He works on liquor store and he thinks that will provide him the financial security needed to boost them out of poverty, but sometimes he gets desperate and thinks none of this will help him. â€Å"Sometimes It’s eke I can see the future stretched out In front of me – Just plain as day. The future, Mama. Hanging over there at the edge of my days. Just waling for me – a big, looming blank space – full of 522). One can clearly see how Walter fears that his life will always be a life of nothing. He is overwhelmed by a sense of dread and fears that his suffering will continue on and on forever. Walter was so desperate he often fights and argues with Ruth, Mama, and Beneath. Also a thing that makes him like that is the racism at that time he often see who the White people from high social status had everything they want, kids attended different schools, neighborhoods were separate from the other, that also made him be like that. He was so desperate he inks to a new low and calls Mr.. Lender back, saying that he’ll accept the Money, a think his family was not agree with. This is really Walter’s lowest point In the whole play. He’s prepared to totally shame himself for the money. In the end, though, Walter Is redeemed when he eventually refuses to take the money from Mr.. Lender. Once he begins to listen to Mama and Ruth express their dreams of owning a house, he realizes that buying the house is more important for the family’s welfare than getting rich quickly. Walter finally becomes a man when he stands up to Mr.. Lender and refuses the money that Mr.. Lender offers the family not to move in to its dream house in a white neighborhood. â€Å"Talking ’bout life, Mama†¦. Mama, you know it’s all divided up. Life is. Sure enough. Between the takers and the â€Å"token. † I’ve figured it out finally. Yeah. Some of us always getting â€Å"token. â€Å"(Handlebars 570). What Walter did here was correct because he was making horrible mistakes for him and his family instead of helping them; he was making the wrong thing. He looked to much the other things and envy what the white people had; made him almost took the wrong decision, but because he listen Mama and Ruth he realized that accomplishing a family dream will fulfill them more the Glenn them material things. Having a house was always Mama’s dream. Although undergoes the greatest transformation. His Journey takes him from total Jerk, obsessed with get-rich-quick schemes, to a man worthy of respect. In Walter Younger, Lorraine Handlebars shows how poverty and racism can twist and depress people, turning them against those that they most love. Of course throughout Walter, Handlebars shows us how these social barriers can be overcome through personal determination and staying true to one’s own beliefs. Sometimes one care too much about the things other people had and the willing of getting them make you think in wrong way, and instead of helping the ones you one to help you end making and error for yourself and the people you wanted to help. How to cite Racism: a Raisin in the Sun and Family, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Desert Winds And Electrical Energy Essay Example For Students

Desert Winds And Electrical Energy Essay Desert Winds and Electrical EnergyThe energy of the wind can be channeled into other forms of energy besides the energy used as an erosional agent. This is especially true of desert winds. Today, some desert wind is used to make electricity. Wind velocity is affected by air temperature. When air warms and cools, it changes density, which creates air pressure differences that cause wind. In the desert, temperatures may range from 40 F at night to more than 120 F in the daytime. Because of this temperature fluctuation, wind is generally stronger in desert areas. There are many windy areas in California. It is usually windier during the summer months when wind rushes in from cooler areas, like the ocean to replace hot rising air in Californias deserts. In Southern California, the hot air from the desert goes up and out over the Coast Range, reaching seaward. When it cools off it descends and flows back toward the land and re-enters the desert through such loop holes in the Coast Range as the San Gorgonio Pass the old Puerta de San Carlos above Indio. The rush of wind through this particular pass is quite violent at times. For wind is very much like water and seeks the least obstructed path. Throughout the San Gorgonio Pass there are wind-eroded ledges attesting to the violent winds that pass through it. The San Gorgonio Pass has Mt. San Gorgonio on the north and Mt. San Jacinto on the south. Both mountains are approximately two miles high. Mount San Gorgonio rises 11,499 feet. Mount San Jacinto is 10, 804 feet high. San Gorgonio has been described as the tallest hill in the United States, even thought it is a mountain. This is because its peak resembles the rounded knoll of a hill. San Jacinto has the fifth highest rock wall on the North American continent. With its feet in the blazing desert, it rises abruptly over 10,000 feet. The San Gorgonio Pass is the deepest pass in the continental 48 states. The pass opens up in the east to Cabazon and is the gateway to the desert. The San Gorgonio Pass was a prime candidate for wind turbines as it is one of the three windiest areas of the state. California provides about 30 percent of the worlds wind-generated electricity. The San Gorgonio Pass has more than 3,500 wind turbines; many are massed on the floor of the Whitewater Wash (an ephemeral stream). The desert wind phenomenon created by desert winds leaving and re-entering the desert area, the Coachella Valley, for example, did not occur rapidly. The San Gorgonio Pass was created by the San Andreas fault system. The San Gorgonio Pass is the easiest route into the coastal basin, since it has an easy grade. The eastern end of the pass enters the Coachella Valley at Whitewater Canyon. It does so as a well-formed gradual slope, and is about 1.5 miles wide measured between Windy Point and Whitewater Hill. The summit of the pass is at the west edge of the City of Beaumont, at 2,600 feet elevation. Nowhere is the pass a steep grade. From Beaumont, the pass slopes gently eastward for ten miles to Cabazon at 1,800 feet, and in another nine miles enters the Coachella Valley at 1,200 feet. The average grade is about 1.5 percent. Nearly all rocks exposed in the pass represent alluvial fan deposits derived from the bordering mountains. These sedimentary rocks appear as a narrow band of low foothills along the north margin. Occasional exposures of the marine Imperial formation exist in thin and isolated beds, suggesting this was the most northward incursion of the ocean waters of the Gulf during Miocene time. The body of the pass appears to be a thick fill of alluvial material of youthful age, laid down under similar conditions and contemporary with the Coachella Valley. Surface deposits consist of wind blown sand and alluvium. It becomes easy to see how this particular geologic structure is being used as a wind farm. .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 , .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .postImageUrl , .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 , .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:hover , .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:visited , .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:active { border:0!important; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:active , .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253 .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6697595ebdc57ca513d72e9b84b1e253:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Federalism EssayThe wind turbines that generate the electricity work because blowing wind spins the blades on the turbine. The blades are attached to a hub that is mounted on the turning shaft. The shaft goes through a gear transmission box where turning speed is increased. The transmission is attached to a high-speed shaft, which turns a generator that makes electricity. If the wind gets too high, the turbine has a brake that will keep the blades from turning and being damaged. Although the geological age of the San Gorgonio Pass is in the millions of years, Californias great wind rush is relatively new and only about 20 years old. Both, however, are movie stars as the wi nd turbines on the Palm Springs side of the San Gorgonio Pass have appeared in several Hollywood movies.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Empiricism vs Rationalism Essay Example

Empiricism vs Rationalism Essay Example Empiricism vs Rationalism Essay Empiricism vs Rationalism Essay Rationalism and empiricism could be said to be at either end of a way of knowing spectrum one relies on the senses whilst the other uses logic and reasoning to determine what is true. One of the main arguments against empiricism is the fact that our senses can be easily deceived. For example, experiments conducted with fruit flavour squash have shown that it was easier for the subjects to identify the correct flavour when the drink had the expected colour. People made errors toward the taste that was expected for a particular colour an orange-coloured drink that was really cherry-flavoured was often thought to taste like orange; a green coloured cherry drink would taste like lime. In essence, we receive what we expect to receive from our senses. In addition to this, physical faults can affect how or what we interpret through our sensory organs: myopias, deafness, even just wearing gloves all these restrict our senses and can lead us to come to conclusions based on what we think we know. This can lead to problems when we encounter a problem that does not make sense if we rely on our sight or hearing alone. A classic example of this would be optical illusions such as The Elephant with Five Legs or The Impossible Triangle they create situations that we know in our heads are impossible but our eyes are telling us must be true because we can see it. In this situation, using rationalism instead of empiricism would lead us to a more sensible conclusion because we would use what we already know. However, rationalism assumes that what we already know is true. Descartes questioned what could be known by doubting every idea before he could verify it. In the end, the only thing he could conclude as being solid fact was that he doubted in the first place which led him to the idea of I think, therefore I am. Except there was a problem was this theory by claiming to think before concluding that he did actually exist, Descartes presumed that a piece of information was true before verifying that it was, simply by saying I think. This concept of self is something that is very hard to prove we cannot demonstrate it empirically, much as we cannot demonstrate that our mind holds thoughts or that our hearts supposedly hold emotion. These are instances that would be deemed false by the more scientific empiricism, as they do not adhere to the strict rule of We must see it to believe it, but true by the more logical reasoning of rationalism, because we already know that we have these things and they must come from somewhere. In essence, Descartes tried to get to the issue of self rationally without falling back on the scientific theory that it must be physically evident to be true. However, the main question is when does the data we are provided with rationally become information we can be sure of? Is true knowledge raw data, concluded information or a combination of the two? In some circumstances, using the Coherency Theory of Truth can establish whether a new piece of information is trustworthy: if the new information fits with previously established truths then it must be true. Nonetheless, this still leaves us with the issue of how we can determine information as truth if our senses can be deceived and logic based on inaccurate information then it could be argued that neither are more effective ways of establishing knowledge. Perhaps, it is more a case of understanding when to use which method rationalism when our senses are compromised and empiricism when we cannot be certain in what we already know.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

An essay about busness Strategy from a.Profitability b.Marketing

An about busness Strategy from a.Profitability b.Marketing c.Expected local response - Essay Example Brookside products manufacturers had maintained long working hours developing products that were not going to perceived as good as Fresh Milk Company’s products. Some local consumers thought stopping the manufacturer from developing the products could affect the morale of developing the new product. However, comparing the morale of the product team in relation to the profitability and the market demand, it was not a good idea for introducing the new products that were already inferior to that of the Fresh Milk Company. Brookside wisely stopped working and developing the inferior products and developed new market strategies and the environment to develop new products that outperformed Fresh Milk Company’s products (Caramia & Guerriero, P. 132). The pricing or selling effort strategies would be dealt with effectively when the Brookside company follows an appropriate skimming strategy that seek to be the first company to introduce high quality and good performance products. In addition, the Brookside Company should sell its brands to the market segment innovators that charge a premium price for its products (Tidstrà ¶m & Hagberg-Andersson, P. 340). For this reason, the brand or products would produce as much profit as possible. Nevertheless, the company should move on or change its operative strategies when the competitors arrive since the prices are likely to fall as a result of competition for the available potential and reliable customers. For this regard, the skimming strategy in conjunction with the pricing penetrative strategy would gain a significant market share by undergoing short-term profits in favor of long-term benefits (Thomas & Andrew, P 57). Competitors’ strength and abilities should be dealt with probable response by evaluating and assessing all the competitors influence in the market environment. For the business to succeed effectively, the companies must leverage its mechanisms of producing unique and